Truffles are a delicacy loved by people all around the globe. But these aromatic fungi aren’t cheap. On a security-guarded flight to New York in 2014, the world’s most giant white truffle sold for $61,000. This 2 kg fungus was discovered in Italy.
So, why are they so costly?
Truffles come in many varieties. There are at least 40 species, many of which aren’t edible. You’ve undoubtedly seen expensive truffle items in stores or restaurants. But that distinct truffle flavor you love may not be genuine. Often, cheap truffle oil has never seen a truffle.
A synthetic substance containing one of the significant aromatic components in foot odor, 2,4-dithiapentane, gives many cheaper truffle goods their “earthy” flavor. Truffles are seasonal, expensive, and limited in availability. Discovered initially by truffle pigs, dogs are now a popular truffle hunting partner. Worldwide, this fungus all need a particular environment to thrive. One thing is sure: Truffles need trees to grow.
Truffles aren’t guaranteed even under ideal circumstances. Hunters are hard to come by. After finding the truffles, you must dig them up by hand. A lovely 80g truffle may be worth over $100, so it’s worth the effort to locate one.
Truffles have a limited season, typically only appearing for a few months. Undeniably, they are hard to come by. The strong truffle scent will be half gone after five days.
The rare Italian white truffle is not the only cultivable kind. Truffle orchards are not simple to establish. Inoculating trees with truffle fungus requires continuous irrigation and planting in the appropriate soil conditions. There is no assurance that the truffles will grow for six years. The quantity of wild truffles has dropped dramatically due to habitat loss and climate change. France’s annual output has fallen from 1,000 tonnes to only 30 tonnes during the nineteenth century. A world with no truffles may be predicted by climate change.